Renal failure is the exhaustion stage of kidney insufficiency, and certainly we have some diet requirements for this period. But most of patients do not quite understand those requirements. So let me share some experience about the diet requirements. Now let’s go forward.
1 Digest the protein in high quality
Patients should have food with low protein and high glucose, and the containing protein should have high biological utilization, such as milk, eggs, lean meat, fish, chicken etc, Because renal failure patients’ kidney function is not complete so that they need to limit the intake of protein in order to reduce the burden of kidneys. Besides, patients must digest proper and sufficient protein in high quality.
2 Digest enough calories
Despite we need to restrict the intake of protein, we must guarantee patients to digest adequate calories. Patients should have food with high calorie and low protein food to supply the lost nutrition. They had better have food like vegetable oils (such as soybean oil, peanut oil), starch with low protein (such as,wheat starch, large white powder and lotus starch) and sugars (such as, rock sugar, honey, ginger candy, fruit sugar).
3 Control the digested water
When patients suffer from renal failure, the amount of urine tends to decrease. Meanwhile, the waste moisture tends to accumulate in their bodies, then the load of cardiovascular system will increase. As a result, patients have to suffer from edema throughout the whole body, gaining weight, shortness of breath, hypertension, heart failure etc. Therefore, to avoid those symptoms above, patients should have more fresh vegetables, fruits, vitamin and folic acid etc.
Those are diet requirements of chronic renal failure patients. At the early stage, patients tend to suffer anorexia, abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting etc. Later they will bear dizziness, anemia, skin itching, polyuria, oliguria etc. At the end period, they tend to suffer lethargy, irritability, coma etc. Additional, we should deal with patients’ diet problems according to their own conditions, and try our best to improve the quality of their lives.