A comprehensive tests help make an accurate diagnosis of lupus nephritis and offer reference for making treatment plan. Read on and find the overview of the tests for lupus nephritis.
Urine test: blood or protein in urine is the most common signs for nephritis.
Blood test: kidneys work to remove harmful substances from the blood in normal conditions. Thereby, the elevated levels of these substances indicate kidney function decline.
Kidney biopsy: Examining the tissue with a microscope can confirm the diagnosis of lupus nephritis. This test may harm your kidneys. Some special tests help make the final diagnosis without kidney biopsy.
Autoimmune Antibody Tests: to find out whether you have lupus; how severe the lupus is; which drugs are right choice. According to individual conditions, you may need Autoimmune Antibody I tests or II tests.
Complement Tests: to help diagnose the activity of SLE (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus).
Kidney Damage Tests: to whether your kidney are injured or not; which part of your kidney are injured, glomeruli or renal tubules; How severity your kidney damages is; the tests offer directions for your doctor to choose drugs for you.
Lymphocyte Subpopulation Tests: to help monitor the effectiveness of kidney disease treatment you are taking; to monitor your immune system and help you decide whether, when, how to start immune treatment and other therapies to prevent infections.
Circling Immune Complexes Tests: Circling immune complexes disturb the working of various lymphocytes, leading to Vasculitis, Glomerulonephritis, Arthritis and other damages.
Treg Cells Tests. Treg Cells amount and function decline leads to failed immune regulation which has a close relation with the incidence and activity of SLE.