Patients with hypertension should take low-salt diets, otherwise it will cause vascular sclerosis, high blood pressure. For patients with high blood pressure, limiting salt can cause blood pressure returning to normal; For patients with moderate and severe hypertension, limiting salt can not only improve the efficacy of antihypertensive drugs, but also reduce the dosage of antihypertensive drugs, which can greatly reduce the side effects of antihypertensive drugs and drug costs. Besides, Patients with hypertension should limit the intake of fat.
Patients can eat more fish, marine fish contain unsaturated fatty acids, which can reduce plasma cholesterol, extend the platelet aggregation, inhibit thrombosis, and prevent stroke. Meanwhile, the fish also contains a lot of linoleic acid, which can increase the flexibility of capillaries, prevent rupture of blood vessels and prevent the complications from hypertension.
A amount of protein intake is good for the patients with hypertension. And eating fish protein for 2-3 times in a week can improve blood vessel elasticity and permeability, increase urinary sodium excretion and reduce blood pressure. If high blood pressure combine with renal dysfunction, the patients should limit the intake of protein.
Patients with hypertension would better eat less sweets and less animal fat. Because sweets contain more sugar, which can be converted into fat in the body, it is easy to promote atherosclerosis. Higher cholesterol in animal body can accelerate the liver, kidney, brain, heart and other organs into arteriosclerosis.
Patients with hypertension are advised to eat more foods containing potassium (Note: the suitable persons are patients with normal kidney function), and they need to quit drinking and alcohol. These foods include: Soybean, bean, tomato, squash, celery, fresh mushrooms, orange, apple, banana, pear, kiwi, pineapple, walnut, persimmon, watermelon and so on.
The patients should eat more foods containing high quality protein and vitamins, and foods with more potassium, calcium and low sodium. Such as fish, milk, lean meat, egg, bean. Potatoes, eggplant, kelp, lettuce, milk, sour milk, and dried small shrimps.